Research into various amino acids, stimulants and other ergogenic ingredients has shown that many can have positive acute effects on athletic performance when taken prior to training. Pre-workout formulas typically contain ingredients such as creatine, arginine, beta alanine and caffeine as all of these are well researched into their abilities to enhance performance by either increasing strength, endurance or mental focus and energy. The dosages of these ingredients can vary greatly depending on the main focus of the formula as some are designed primarily to enhance strength whilst others are designed to focus more heavily on stimulating the central nervous system.
L-Citrulline DL-Malate – An amino acid extracted from watermelons, it increases blood flow and muscle pumps. It does this by promoting your body’s nitric-oxide levels, which is key for athletic performance.
Caffeine & L-Theanine – A smart stack used to boost energy and mental performance. L-Theanine is extract from Tea leaves, when combined with Caffeine it boosts the energy effect, without the unwanted side-effects.
Red Beet – Extracted from Beetroot, it also increase nitric oxide levels which results in dilated blood vessels and improves blood flow.
4 Gauge also includes Creatine, Rhodiola Rosea, L-Cartinine and Coconut Water Powder which help to increase energy levels and help with recovery.